Exodus 28-29, Psalm 26
As we read about the garments of the High Priest, we see a picture of our High Priest, our Intercessor, Jesus Christ. We read of this in Hebrews 4:14-16, “Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.” In Ex 28:12 we read, ” And you shall put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. So Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders as a memorial.” In v.29, we read, “So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel on the breastplate of judgment over his heart, when he goes into the holy place, as a memorial before the Lord continually.” In v.38 we read, “So it shall be on Aaron’s forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things which the children of Israel hallow in all their gifts; and it shall always be on his forehead, that they may be accepted before the Lord.” These were to be worn by the high priest whenever ministering in the Holy Place before the Lord on behalf of the people. The Breastplate described in Exodus 28:16-21 is amazing in its construction as well as its application prophetically to Jesus. The first stone in the breastplate in Exodus 28:17 is sardius (also called carnelian or ruby) and represents the tribe of Reuben, whose name means, “Behold a son”. The last stone mentioned in 28:20 is jasper which represents the tribe of Benjamin, whose name means, “Son of my right hand”. Jesus is the alpha and omega, the first and the last. Interestingly, in Revelation 4:2-3, we read, “Immediately, I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne set in heaven, and One sat on the throne. And He who sat there was like a jasper and a sardius stone in appearance; and there was a rainbow around the throne, in appearance like an emerald.” That last gem, emerald, represents the tribe of Judah, and we know that Jesus is the Lion of the tribe of Judah.
This is a perfect moment to take a little time to read through Isaiah 53, slowly and see the analogy as it relates to our High Priest, Jesus. He who was and is perfect, was willing to bear the burden of the whole world’s sins upon His shoulders as He hung on the cross. There are so many verses in the New Testament which show Jesus as our Great High Priest who continually intercedes on our behalf (Hebrews 7:25 “Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them”).
We read in Exodus 29:10-14 that the sins of the High Priest were transferred onto an innocent bull. Once the sins were transferred, the bull was sacrificed as a sin offering. All of our sins were transferred onto Jesus, our Sacrificial Lamb, on the cross at Calvary as payment for our sins. Just before He died, while on the cross, Jesus said in John 19:30, “It is finished”. This also means, “paid in full”. The High Priest had an imperfect sacrifice which had to be repeated to atone for his sins. Our Great High Priest, our Perfect Sacrifice finished it for us, once and for all, on the cross.
So, as we will soon see with the feasts and sacrifices, the High Priest was a forerunner or foreshadowing of something much greater, Our Great High Priest, Jesus Christ.
Messages from Pastor Lloyd Pulley: